Role of Mental Health in Holistic Development of Children

Moderate stress can be introduced in many ways: by playing unfamiliar music before class, for example, or changing up the format of discussion, or introducing any learning activity that requires individual participation or movement. However, not everyone reacts the same way to any given event. The production of cortisol in response to an event varies significantly between individuals; what constitutes “moderate stress” for one person might constitute mild or extreme stress for another.

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The most effective learning involves recruiting multiple regions of the brain for the learning task. These regions are associated with functions such as memory, the five senses, volitional control, and higher levels of cognitive functioning.

Neuroscience and How Students Learn

The most fascinating evolutionary development in the history of mankind is of the human brain. The Importance of the brain in the life of a human being can be ascertained from the fact that it is the site where the world is perceived and it is also the site through which the world is responded to.

The Prominent Role Of The Human Brain In Learning
  • From the point of view of neurobiology, learning involves changing the brain.
  • Moderate stress is beneficial for learning, while mild and extreme stress are detrimental to learning.
  • Adequate sleep, nutrition, and exercise encourage robust learning.
  • Active learning takes advantage of processes that stimulate multiple neural connections in the brain and promote memory.
Fundamentals of Neuroscience

Changing the brain: For optimal learning to occur, the brain needs conditions under which it is able to change in response to stimuli (neuroplasticity) and is able to produce new neurons (neurogenesis).

The most effective learning involves recruiting multiple regions of the brain for the learning task. These regions are associated with functions such as memory, the five senses, volitional control, and higher levels of cognitive functioning.

Moderate stress: Stress and performance are related in an “inverted U curve” (see figure for reference). Stimulation to learn requires a moderate amount of stress (measured in the level of cortisol). A low degree of stress is associated with low performance, as is high stress, which can set the system into fight-or-flight mode so that there is less brain activity in the cortical areas where higher-level learning happens. Moderate levels of cortisol tend to correlate with the highest performance of tasks of any type. We can therefore conclude that moderate stress is beneficial for learning, while mild and extreme stress both are detrimental to learning.

Moderate stress can be introduced in many ways: by playing unfamiliar music before class, for example, or changing up the format of discussion, or introducing any learning activity that requires individual participation or movement. However, not everyone reacts the same way to any given event. The production of cortisol in response to an event varies significantly between individuals; what constitutes “moderate stress” for one person might constitute mild or extreme stress for another. So, for example, cold-calling on individual students in a large-group setting might introduce just the right amount of stress to increase some students’ performance, but it might produce excessive stress and anxiety for other students, so their performance is below the level you know they are capable of. Any group dynamic that tends to stereotype or exclude some students also adds stress to their minds.

Adequate sleep, good nutrition, and regular exercise: These healthy habits promote optimal learning performance in two ways. First, they promote neuroplasticity and neurogenesis. Second, they keep cortisol and dopamine (stress and happiness hormones, respectively) at appropriate levels. All-night cramming sessions, skipped meals, and skipped exercise can actually reduce the brain’s capacity for high academic performance. This holds true for teachers as well as students.

Active learning: Cognitive functions associated with the lower levels of Bloom’s taxonomy (see diagram ), such as understanding and remembering, are associated with the hippocampus (the area of the brain responsible for memory and spatial awareness). The higher-level cognitive functions of Bloom’s taxonomy, such as creating, evaluating, analyzing, and applying, involve the cortical areas responsible for decision-making, association, and motivation. More complex thought processes are more beneficial for learning because they involve a greater number of neural connections and more neurological cross-talk. Active learning takes advantage of this cross-talk, stimulating a variety of areas of the brain and promoting memory.

EFFECT OF SPIRITUALITY ON MENTAL HEALTH OF CHILDREN

Its scientifically proven now by several researches that spiritual practices like –meditation have positive effects on the health of human brain. Reference can be made to “Vipasanna” meditation which focuses on the witnessing of breathing which ultimately leads to quieting of the mind.

MECHANISM OF EFFECTS OF MEDITATION ON MENTAL HEALTH –

When a meditator religiously practice the witnessing of breathing like in Ana-pana(Initial phase of Vipasanna) it takes away the entire consciousness away from the activities and rigmarole of the brain and in effect quieten the mind

The most beneficial effect of meditation is to create a distance from the vicissitudes of human brain and not falling prey to storm of emotions and sensory impulses which could elicit unwanted and unhealthy responses from the individual.

The most beneficial effect of meditation is to create a distance from the vicissitudes of human brain and not falling prey to storm of emotions and sensory impulses which could elicit unwanted and unhealthy responses from the individual.

Deepak Singi is presently working as the Principal for Eicher School Parwanoo and has been an educator for the last 20 years . Mr Singi has been awarded with Fortune 50 Future Leaders by Fortune 50, Most Innovative Educator 2010 by CMS Lucknow, Lifetime Achievement Award by YS Institute of Barnala in 2018-19.

Under his leadership, Eicher School Parwanoo has won many accolades and recognition including Future 50 Schools by Fortune 50, Most Innovative School Himachal Pradesh by Mind Mingle, Top 500 Schools of the country by Brainfeed Magazine amongst others.