Implementation Of Contemporary Curriculum With ICT
Educational organizations like schools are changing to meet the demand of new modified curriculum for supporting life-long learning. The traditional curriculum should be developed as well-planned modified content and should be interconnected with networked society for achieving the increasing demands of our new generation.
~by Sangita Karar | Librarian, Delhi Public School Newtown, Kolkata
A curriculum is the pillar of an educational system. It helps to set the direction of change in an educational organization, not only at a macro level but also at micro level. Curriculum is involved with the continuous chain of activities needed to fulfil the educational goals into concrete activities and observable change in behaviour.
Teacher: an important stakeholder
Curriculum plays an important role for overall development of students, and a teacher/educator is a mediator between curriculum and students. Recent technological era has changed the work of educators, so they are not only educators, they are facilitators, they know various needs of students and help them to prepare for social and professional life. In this information era, the knowledge sharing economy is driven by the power of connectivity, changing the very nature of learning as education and technology go hand in hand and create new opportunities for students to collaborate, network and spread ideas through a platform provided by a concrete curriculum.
Types of curriculum
The traditional curriculum was subject-centered while the modern curriculum is child and life centered.
- Explicit curriculum: Subjects taught to meet the identified “mission” of the school and the philosophy and skills that the school expects successful students to acquire.
- Implicit curriculum: Lessons that arise from the culture of the school and the behaviours, attitude and expectations that characterize that culture.
- Extra curriculum: School-promoted programs that are intended to supplement the academic content of the school experience.
- Null curriculum: Perspectives that are specially excluded from the curriculum.
Updated curriculum can boost self esteem
With the collaboration of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), the new updated curriculum and academic content increased accessibility of opportunities for students to make the path of connection with the outside world. It opens a world of possibilities for educators to demonstrate the value of positive values, growth of humanity, and responsibilities towards the nation in a wider life context by connecting students interests to real world experience and creating active learners who see the society as a place they want it to be. As facilitators, teachers have to learn a variety of new resources and apply support mechanisms for making a curriculum, which focus on various learning styles, knowledge, skills, that are evaluative for children and young adults as they grow and enter the workplace.
The curriculum ensures that each school is teaching relevant material and monitoring the progress of students from all types of backgrounds. Technically updated curriculum also shares the workload, giving everyone more time to do what they do best.
Impact on teachers of technological curriculum
Technology is the biggest assistant of collaborative content planning. Before teachers would have to physically sit with other teachers to coordinate academic plans. The stressful work of editing finished content plans was sufficient to discourage them from sharing ideas.
But when using digital tools to create modern curriculum for schools, teachers can easily look forward to innovative ideas and share with each other and collaborate on final curriculum plans.
Some most common digital academic content planning tools are: Plan book, Common Curriculum, Plan board and Google Docs.
These resources construct it smoother for educators to collaborate at the time of academic content plans split-up and help to think about physical activity and fitness of students, which can basically make an effective modernized curriculum for student achievement.
A good modern curriculum should be the combination of academic courses, various topics, and physical fitness and sports activities of students to achieve its goal to a great extent.
Impact on administrator of technological curriculum
Technology has opened the path for administrator to follow a technical curriculum to help students achieve state and national levels of academic performance. The curriculum ensures that each school is teaching relevant material and monitoring the progress of students from all types of background. Technically updated curriculum also share the workload, enabling everyone more time to do what they do best.
Contemporary curriculum and technology collaboration to promote individual needs and different learning style
Teachers/educators are responsible for governing information and skills of where students are and where they require to go, having insights into students’ special necessity and growth of curricular activities.
- Social media based curriculum: The use of digital technology via Facebook, Twitter, Google drive, Skype and other cloud-based platforms enhanced team-based learning outside the classroom. Now any time (24*7 hours) students and teachers can communicate and share their work with each other from their home also, and prepare projects together.
- Students-Teachers: online discussion forum: Online discussion forum (ODF) is an implementation of web-based system that guides people together with shared interest and mind-set. The use of online discussion forum (ODF) has come-up as a familiar tool and an effective way of engaging students outside the classroom. It is an e-learning platform where more students are able to participate in online forums than in large group classroom discussions. Online discussion forums integrate with the educational outlook that makes communication an essential tool and fundamental mechanism for effective learning.
- A new world for ADHD students through curriculum: Teachers/facilitators need to pay special attention to children with the following kinds of mental challenges: Anxiety disorders, Attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), Mood disorders, Schizophrenia and Reading Disorders or Dyslexia.
Teaching strategies for readers with disorders
Specialists on ADHD offer a number of proposals to help children with reading and writing. They have suggested activities that don’t distract students from the task at hand but actually help them focus on the same. The teachers/facilitators should take the following initiatives for improving reading comprehension in children with several personality disorders.
- Listening to music while reading a textbook: This helps a child with learning disability and attention deficit to concentrate better.
- Listening to an audio book: Audio books develop listening skills and concentration. Students with attention disorders may find that listening is more distraction-free than reading.
- Develop imaginative skill: Encourage the child to visualize the events in the story read by him creating a picture in his mind. Imagination appears in the process of reading to connect the passage or book with their real lives, experience, knowledge and memories. Thus it plays a pivotal role to develop cognitive skills.
- Help comprehend figures of speech: This is especially helpful for children with language disorder. The child needs to be explained that if a phrase seems out of context it may be a figure of speech.
Contemporary modernized curriculum is not going to replace the traditional curriculum completely but no doubt to meet the present demand, to satisfy the modern networked society, curriculum, content and technology collaboration must be introduced so that at least teaching becomes of hybrid nature.
Sangita Karar is Librarian at Delhi Public School Newtown, Kolkata. She is a versatile and dynamic person with excellent analytical, communication and inter-personal skills having rich and diverse experience in different organizations. Her interests include Library Management System, Digital Library, Preservation And Conservation of Documents and Improvement of Higher Education System Through Life Long Learning. Her qualifications include MLIS and Advanced BLIS from Calcutta University.